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The surviving city by BricksandStones The surviving city by BricksandStones

This is the eastern view of the cathedral in Trier (modern Germany). In the times of the Roman Empire the city of Trier was one of the largest Roman cities in northern Europe.  At the height of its glory, around 3rd C. it is said to have been inhabited by around 70 000 people. It was an imperial residence surrounded by walls of which the famous ‘Black gate’, the largest antique fortified gate in the world, survives to this day and had numerous monumental public buildings like baths or amphitheater. The city also preserves a rich collection of Roman mosaics, sculpture and murals which can compete with those recovered from the large cities of the Roman Mediterranean. Despite being located close to the border with Germania from where the Huns and Germanic tribes often attacked Roman borders, Trier was sufficiently large and resilient that it survived the collapse of the Roman Empire and preserved its role as an important civic centre throughout the medieval period until the modern times. Regardless of the withdrawal of the Roman legions, the succession of the bishops and later archbishops of Trier goes from Eucharius, Valerius and Maternus in the late 3rd and early 4th C. through Modetus and Maximianus in the 7th C. to powerful medieval archbishops like Bohemond von Warsberg from the late 13th C. The cathedral of Trier, though damaged numerous times for example by Huns or the Vikings in the 9th C. preserves substantial parts dating from Roman and late Antique period. In the times when urban life collapsed in northern Europe, the city of Trier continued to function under the rule of Latin clergy and maintained links with the major urban centers of the Mediterranean. This surviving Roman city witnessed the rebirth of urbanism in the northern Europe and became one of the most important cities in the medieval Holy Roman Empire.

The parts of the cathedral visible on the photograph date mainly from the 11th C. though the upper part of the right tower is obviously later – note its gothic windows, much different the earlier Romanesque ones.  

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:icontokslinas:
tokslinas Featured By Owner Feb 25, 2015
:iconthumbs-upplz:
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:iconeuropeancar650:
EuropeanCar650 Featured By Owner Sep 8, 2014
Beautiful picture! But damn, I wish I could live in Europe (especially in places like German, Switzerland and Netherlands) , the cities and architecture there are desperately beautiful! And i'm stuck here in the suburban sprawls of America.
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Sep 16, 2014
Hi! Thanks for the comment - I am glad this caught your attention :) I am not a specialist on the history of America but there are some great old towns there. Some of the monasteries in Mexico date back to the 16th C. and even have some gothic elements, I remember faving photos of Gothic cloisters from Latin America. Also, there is the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the Cloisters Museum in New York. To be honest Metropolitan Museum of Art was the best Museum I have ever been to - the medieval and Byzantine collections there are just amazing! Cloisters on the other hand are beautifully located by the river just 15 minutes from the Central Park... Anyway, thank you again for taking your time to view this and write a comment - I appreciate this!
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:iconeuropeancar650:
EuropeanCar650 Featured By Owner Sep 17, 2014
No problem.
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:iconrenehaan:
ReneHaan Featured By Owner Aug 28, 2014
I've been here too. It's beautiful!
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Sep 6, 2014
:) I enjoyed it very much as well :) thanks for the comment!
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:iconbillynikoll:
BillyNikoll Featured By Owner Mar 16, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Simply beautiful!
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 17, 2014
I am glad you think so! It is not as beautiful as Justinian's Hagia Sophia though :) Thanks for the comment, I appreciate it!
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:iconartamusica:
artamusica Featured By Owner Mar 15, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
I eally enjoyed learning about trier and this cathedral, thanks so much for the historical info!
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 17, 2014
No problem (obviously) :) It is a pleasure to know that someone reads and enjoys this description! It just strcuck me that such a large Antique / Roman town with mosaics, walls, baths, theather etc. must have looked quite extraordinary when it transformed into an early medieval town. Obviosuly such transformations were common in the Mediteranean but in the north this seems to be the only significant example. English cities like London or York were abandoned for a time, or almost abandoned before they reappeared as medieval urban centres... But anyway this is getting longish and repetetive on my behalf - thank you very much for taking your time to write a comment. I really appreciate it!
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:iconartamusica:
artamusica Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
One fo the best parts of being a part of DA is getting to see and "visit" places through others' eyes and their camera lens. I love history and travelling and seeing new places. I just love it when people write about the history and give information about the places in their photos. I learn so much! And I find great pleasure in it so please keep up the very interesting info on your works!!
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:iconscarlette13:
scarlette13 Featured By Owner Mar 14, 2014
It looks very beautiful. I like that the shape of this cathedral reminds a castle.:) Also, this point of view is nice and I like that it shows very interesting side of building with all those little towers and arches and everything. Im not expert on historical architecture but I like it as tourist a lot and Id love to visit this place. Thanks for letting me see it at least on photo.:)
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 15, 2014
I am glad you like it and thank you for taking your time to write a comment.  I agree that the cathedral looks a bit like a castle even though it did not have a defensive purpose...That is one thing about western Europe, the medieval monuments there are twice as big as those in the central Europe. Anyway, thank you once again - I really appreciate it! 
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:iconhansmar:
Hansmar Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Ah, you make me want to revisit Trier Clap 
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2014
You have been in Trier? I was quite surprised how cool it was, the museum of the cathedral and the archaeological museums where quite interesting and I also liked the abbey of St. Mathias - where did you go in the city - I probably missed a lot of sites... 
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:iconhansmar:
Hansmar Featured By Owner Mar 14, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
I must admit it was some time ago. I do remember the general medieval look and the black tower. And there was a nice toy museum, if I remember correctly.
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:iconquaddie:
quaddie Featured By Owner Feb 17, 2014
`:camera: I`ve featured this dev here quaddie.deviantart.com/journal… :wave:
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 1, 2014
Wow - thank you very much - I am really glad this caught your attention! Thanks again!
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:iconponycorniossaltarine:
I really love you work. I use here: ponycorniossaltarine.deviantar… Thanks you 
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2014
Hi! I am sorry for late reply, I am glad that this photo was useful to you! However my photos are not stock so in general I would prefer if you would let me know in advance if you are interested in any one of them - please do not get offended by this! Your work is very cool, like how you arranged shadows and light in it! 
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2014
Hi Filipa, I know it has been some time ago but thanks again for this feature - I really appreciate it!
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:iconladymarg:
LadyMarg Featured By Owner Jan 20, 2014  Hobbyist Artist
O mamuńciu, jakie piękne!!!! Prześliczne! Jadę w świat!:D
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014
:) Naprawde ciesze sie ze Ci sie podoba :) Slabo znam Niemcy ale Trewir wydal mi sie naprawde fajnym miastem, wokol starowki sa takie niskie gory i kedy tam akurat byla unosila sie nad nimi gesta mgla co tworzylo fajny klimat takiej Rzymskiej fortecy na granicy cywilizacji... tak sobie przynajmniej wyobrazalem :) Dzieki za komentarz! To brzmi repetetywnie ale naprawde mi milo ze czasem chce Ci sie cos napisac!
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:iconmrija:
mrija Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2014
O ile dobrze zrozumiałam - wiek XI? I dlaczego u nas budowle średniowieczne nie mogą być w takim stanie:/?
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2014
Hej! Dzieki za komentarz - tak, ta zachodnia fasada jest jedenastowieczna, sam czesto sobie mysle jaka szkoda ze u nas takich nie ma :/ Katedre w Gnieznie zburzyli Krzyzacy a to byla chyba najwieksza budowla z tego okresu w Polsce... ale po prawdzie to az takich duzych chyba nigdy nie bylo u nas, Polska to krolestwo na granicy kulturowej, daleko od dawnego Cesarstwa Rzymskiego gdzie tradycje budowli monumentalnych byly silne. My mozemy sie porownywac moze z Wegrami albo Skandynawia i na tym tle wypadamy super! Na Wegrzech nie zachowala sie zadna katedra a w Szwecji np. nie znalazlem zbyt wielu gotyckich kruzgankow... mowiac szczerze taki klimat graniczny gdzie mieszaja sie rozne kultury mi bardziej dziala na wyobraznie - dlatego tez lubie Cypr albo krolestwo Jerozolimskie albo Armenie... No nic rozpisalem sie, dziekuje jeszcze raz, naprawde milo mi ze chce Ci sie jeszcze zaglada do mojej galerii :)
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:iconmrija:
mrija Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2014
A co jest u nas z zabytków z podobnego okresu? Niekoniecznie w tej kubaturze, rozumiem, że jest rzadko spotykana. Bo ze zbliżonej kubatrury kojarzę wyłącznie Zamek Malborski.
Zawsze z ciekawością zaglądam do Twojej galerii;) Niby wiedza o architekturze średniowiecza mi po nic, ale opowiadasz tak ciekawie, że aż chce się czytać;)
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2014
Dzieki, naprawde milo mi ze tak piszesz :) Co do Romanskich zabytkow w Polsce to jest taka fajna strona gzie calkiem sporo jest wymienionych, prowadzi ja para takich amatorow jak ja www.albumromanski.pl/album/rom… . Blisko Lodzi jest Tum pod Łęczycą, najwieksza Romanska kolegiata zachowana w Polsce - prawdopodobnie nieco mniejsza kopia katedry w Krakowie zbudowana przez ksiazat dzielnicowych - bardzo fajnie wyglada bo jest posrodku naprawde malej wioski tylko ksiadz probosz niesymatyczny. Oprocz tego jest Opactwo Cysterskie w Sulejowie z kapitularzem romansko-gotyckim (moje zdjecie Far from Home jest z tamtad). Blizej Warszawy jest Czerwinsk nad Wisla gdzie sa mili ludzie albo Inowlodz gdzie tez chetnie wpuszczaja nawet na wieze. Najpiekniejszym romanskim miejscem wedlug mnie w Polsce jest klasztor Cysterski w Wachocku kolo Starachowic (Romanski kapitularz i jadalnia sa naprawde fajne a miesjowi mnisi sa przesympatyczni). Kolegiata Romanska jest tez w Opatowie niedalego Wachocka. Kosciol Norbertanek w Strzelnie ma niesamowite kolumny z rzezbionymi przywarami i cnotami - bardzo wczesne i piekne a sa tam tez tympanony romanskie i ladnie zrobione muzeum. W Kruszwicy jest tez duzy kosciol romanski ktory kiedys byl katedra, akurat bylo tam wesele kiedy tam bylem... jak poszukac to troche jest :) Bardzo dziekuje za pytanie :)
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:iconmrija:
mrija Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2014
Pytałam, bo chciałam sobie jakoś wizualnie porównać do Twojego zdjęcia. I wdzię duuużą róznicę... Co do opactwa Wąchockiego mam smutną wspominkę: jakieś 25 lat temu byłam tam, jak członek pocztu harcerskiego, na uroczystościach sprowadzenia do polski prochów "Ponurego". Niestety, byłam wtedy taką gówniarą, że nie miałam pojęcia, co robię i gdzie. Lata całe później dowiedziałam się, i kto to "Ponury" i jakiej klasy zabytkiem jest opactwo Wąchockie. Z własnej głupoty zmarnowałam świadome uczestnictwo w czymś duuużym...
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:icondashinvaine:
dashinvaine Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2014
Nicely captured. Nice city, I went there once...
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2014
I am glad you like it - obviously it is not a very original photo but that's the problem with large - famous buildings, their history is interesting but there are so many photos of them that is hard to make a good and at the same time distinctive photo of them. Anyway, when you were in Trier did you get to visit the dom museum? They have some really interesting Roman painings like this one cms.bistum-trier.de/bistum-tri…  Also I quite enjoyed the St. Mathias abbey, did you like it?  Thanks for the comment, I really appreciate it!
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:icondashinvaine:
dashinvaine Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2014
Not that I recall, was only a brief stop on the way back from Bavaria. Went in the Basilica of Constantine, though, which included some interesting displays about the city's history, including photos of the devastation caused by Allied bombing. There is a very pretty baroque palace facade around the corner from there, too, with ornamental gardens, presumably much restored. The facade vaguely reminded me of the Guildhall in Worcester, only it was much more pink.

Also went in St Gangolf church, which was picturesque. 

The Porta Nigra was also quite impressive. Surprising to find such large and well preserved Roman buildings that far north.


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:iconpeterpateman:
peterpateman Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
I learn something new every day! :wave:
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2014
:) Well I just wish I could learn something more useful every day :) most of the stuff I learn is completely useless random knowledge, for instance I recently read about a Syriac monastery of Mar Behnam monastery in Iraq - there are some medieval inscriptions left by converted Mongols there, fascinating stuff but completely useless... anyway, thanks for the comment, I really appreciate that you still view my gallery sometimes :) !
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:iconpeterpateman:
peterpateman Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
You never know what might turn out to be useful! Always a pleasure to view your gallery my friend. =D
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:iconirrlicht71:
irrlicht71 Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
Nice to see the admiration for the place that actually is my hometown ... 8-)

You're right saying that the parts dating from the late Antique period are not visible on your photo. They should be on the extreme left, behind that white building, I suppose.
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2014
Thanks for the comment - I think you are right, the guide which I bought explained that the Roman walls are more or less where you described, also from what I remember the Roman walls are made of brick not stone which makes them fairly easy to distinguish. In a way I admire every historical city I get to visit :) Trier looked like an awesome city, The Dome Museum and Land Museum where awesome and I quite enjoyed the abbey of St. Mathias Abbey. I wish I could go there again and visit some more :) Thanks for taking your time to write a comment - I really appreciate it!
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:iconakitku:
akitku Featured By Owner Jan 18, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Great shot! I love the colours and how sunny it is - I would have imagined Trier as a pretty gloomy place. ;) And thank you for pointing out the differences in the windows of the right and left towers. That's really interesting and something I would not have noticed myself.
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014
Hi Akitku! Thanks for the comment, I am glad you like it and that you read the description, I really appreciate it :) About the 'gloominess' of Trier, it is funny that you say that because when I was there for most part of the day it was really cloudy with mist covering the surrounding mountains so that it really felt like visiting a great Roman fortress on the borders of 'civilization' (it is a loaded term I know). Luckily for taking photos though, the evening was sunny so I could make some decent photographs - anyway, thank you for the comment and for watching my works - it is really a rewarding expedience to see that you are still interested :)  
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