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The surviving city by BricksandStones The surviving city by BricksandStones

This is the eastern view of the cathedral in Trier (modern Germany). In the times of the Roman Empire the city of Trier was one of the largest Roman cities in northern Europe.  At the height of its glory, around 3rd C. it is said to have been inhabited by around 70 000 people. It was an imperial residence surrounded by walls of which the famous ‘Black gate’, the largest antique fortified gate in the world, survives to this day and had numerous monumental public buildings like baths or amphitheater. The city also preserves a rich collection of Roman mosaics, sculpture and murals which can compete with those recovered from the large cities of the Roman Mediterranean. Despite being located close to the border with Germania from where the Huns and Germanic tribes often attacked Roman borders, Trier was sufficiently large and resilient that it survived the collapse of the Roman Empire and preserved its role as an important civic centre throughout the medieval period until the modern times. Regardless of the withdrawal of the Roman legions, the succession of the bishops and later archbishops of Trier goes from Eucharius, Valerius and Maternus in the late 3rd and early 4th C. through Modetus and Maximianus in the 7th C. to powerful medieval archbishops like Bohemond von Warsberg from the late 13th C. The cathedral of Trier, though damaged numerous times for example by Huns or the Vikings in the 9th C. preserves substantial parts dating from Roman and late Antique period. In the times when urban life collapsed in northern Europe, the city of Trier continued to function under the rule of Latin clergy and maintained links with the major urban centers of the Mediterranean. This surviving Roman city witnessed the rebirth of urbanism in the northern Europe and became one of the most important cities in the medieval Holy Roman Empire.

The parts of the cathedral visible on the photograph date mainly from the 11th C. though the upper part of the right tower is obviously later – note its gothic windows, much different the earlier Romanesque ones.  

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:iconrenehaan:
ReneHaan Featured By Owner 4 days ago
I've been here too. It's beautiful!
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:iconbillynikoll:
BillyNikoll Featured By Owner Mar 16, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Simply beautiful!
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 17, 2014
I am glad you think so! It is not as beautiful as Justinian's Hagia Sophia though :) Thanks for the comment, I appreciate it!
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:iconartamusica:
artamusica Featured By Owner Mar 15, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
I eally enjoyed learning about trier and this cathedral, thanks so much for the historical info!
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 17, 2014
No problem (obviously) :) It is a pleasure to know that someone reads and enjoys this description! It just strcuck me that such a large Antique / Roman town with mosaics, walls, baths, theather etc. must have looked quite extraordinary when it transformed into an early medieval town. Obviosuly such transformations were common in the Mediteranean but in the north this seems to be the only significant example. English cities like London or York were abandoned for a time, or almost abandoned before they reappeared as medieval urban centres... But anyway this is getting longish and repetetive on my behalf - thank you very much for taking your time to write a comment. I really appreciate it!
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:iconartamusica:
artamusica Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
One fo the best parts of being a part of DA is getting to see and "visit" places through others' eyes and their camera lens. I love history and travelling and seeing new places. I just love it when people write about the history and give information about the places in their photos. I learn so much! And I find great pleasure in it so please keep up the very interesting info on your works!!
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:iconscarlette13:
scarlette13 Featured By Owner Mar 14, 2014
It looks very beautiful. I like that the shape of this cathedral reminds a castle.:) Also, this point of view is nice and I like that it shows very interesting side of building with all those little towers and arches and everything. Im not expert on historical architecture but I like it as tourist a lot and Id love to visit this place. Thanks for letting me see it at least on photo.:)
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 15, 2014
I am glad you like it and thank you for taking your time to write a comment.  I agree that the cathedral looks a bit like a castle even though it did not have a defensive purpose...That is one thing about western Europe, the medieval monuments there are twice as big as those in the central Europe. Anyway, thank you once again - I really appreciate it! 
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:iconhansmar:
Hansmar Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Ah, you make me want to revisit Trier Clap 
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2014
You have been in Trier? I was quite surprised how cool it was, the museum of the cathedral and the archaeological museums where quite interesting and I also liked the abbey of St. Mathias - where did you go in the city - I probably missed a lot of sites... 
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